How Do I Treat a Sprained Toe?

An ice pack may help ease pain and swelling associated with a sprained toe.
After spraining a toe, supportive shoes should be worn when walking.
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  • Written By: Dan Cavallari
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 20 November 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
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    Conjecture Corporation
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A sprained toe occurs when the ligaments that connect the bones in a toe joint are damaged by direct impact, a twisting motion, or another unnatural motion. The foot is active whenever one walks or otherwise moves in a standing position, so treating a sprained toe can be challenging, as part of the treatment includes immobilizing the toe to keep the injury from worsening. Immediately after the injury occurs, one should apply ice to keep swelling down and elevate the foot to help prevent pain and swelling. A sprained toe injury will require several days to weeks to heal, depending on how much rest the injured person is able to get.

The RICE method is often very effective in treating a sprained toe. RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. Rest allows the ligaments to heal naturally, while ice can ease pain and reduce swelling. Compression can also ease pain and reduce swelling, though compression on a toe can be challenging unless the injured toe is the big toe. Elevation improves blood circulation to the injury and can prevent undue swelling. While it may be difficult to do so, it is important to attempt to immobilize the injured toe as much as possible. This may mean simply staying off one's feet and getting plenty of rest, or it may mean taping the injured toe to another toe next to it to limit movement. Any taping or compression should be done very carefully to avoid re-injuring the toe.

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Recovering from a sprained toe can take anywhere from several days to several weeks. Once the pain begins to subside, the ligaments must be reconditioned for strength and mobility, which means the injured person will have to begin doing toe exercises and light walking. During these exercises, it is important to pay close attention to the sprained toe; if the exercises become painful, they should be stopped immediately. Supportive shoes should be worn when walking and exercising, and women should avoid wearing high heel shoes until the toe is completely healed.

If pain persists for several days or weeks, or the pain is so intense after the injury occurs that the injured person cannot function normally, a doctor's visit may be in order. Ligaments can tear just as muscles can, and if a ligament in a sprained toe tears, a doctor may recommend surgery to repair it. Surgery is usually considered a last resort, though only a doctor can make a determination as to the best course of action.

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anon341589
Post 4

This didn't help at all. The advice indicates toe exercises once the swelling subsides but doesn't mention what the exercises are, so this could actually lead to more damage.

literally45
Post 3

When I sprained my toe and couldn't see a doctor (no health insurance) I made my own splint for it. I placed two pop-sickle sticks on opposite sides of the toe and wrapped it in place. It worked.

ZipLine
Post 2

@donasmrs-- Have you seen a doctor?

It takes at least two weeks for a sprained toe to heal. It can take longer if it's badly sprained. You shouldn't be thinking about soccer practice right now. I suggest keeping off of it for at least another week. Continuing to rest with your foot elevated will speed up healing.

If you haven't taped your toe toe the next one, you might want to do that. You should keep it immobilized.

donasmrs
Post 1

I sprained my big toe on my right foot last week. It was slightly swollen the first few days. I did follow the RICE method. I applied ice as soon as I could and kept my foot elevated.

The swelling is completely gone now. I'm walking around a bit too but I'm afraid to put my weight on it because I'm not sure if it's healed all the way.

How long does it usually take for a sprained toe to heal? When can I go back to my usual activity? I'm kind of upset that I'm missing soccer practice over this.

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