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There are a variety of methods to treat crowding teeth. Crowding teeth, also known as malocclusion, is a common medical condition. Braces, usually applied in adolescence, are the most common treatment. Surgery is only done in the most extreme cases. No matter what treatment an individual receives, his or her prognosis will be positive.
Malocclusion describes both incorrectly positioned teeth and crowding teeth. Present in most people, the condition is caused by a number of factors that occur during childhood development; thumb sucking, nail biting and mouth breathing are a few examples. It is nearly impossible to prevent the condition from occurring. Crowding teeth becomes apparent as permanent teeth take the place of baby teeth. Observing this condition during a routine cleaning, a dentist will recommend that an adolescent see an orthodontist.
An orthodontist is a dentist who specializes in correcting many forms of malocclusions. As with many medical specialties, years of extra training are required to become an orthodontist. An orthodontist will generally recommend that an adolescent wear braces to correct his or her teeth. Normal braces use metal wire and brackets to gradually reposition teeth into a more desirable setting. The normal time for wearing braces is one to two years.
Though braces are an option for adults diagnosed for crowding teeth, other treatments exists that are less invasive and noticeable. A somewhat more expensive option than normal braces are braces the color of one's teeth. These braces do not stand out and are a good option for someone who might feel self-conscious of having to wear braces as an adult.
A noninvasive and unnoticeable treatment for crowding teeth is the Invisalign system. A patient wears a series of clear, removable aligners that gradually reposition the teeth over a period of two years. Besides being the most cosmetically attractive option, a person can remove the aligners while drinking, eating and brushing his or her teeth. Following the treatment's rules are very important, though, as the aligners only work if kept in the mouth for 22 hours a day. A downside of this treatment is that most insurance plans do not cover its extremely high cost.
In cases where the bones anchoring the teeth are malformed, surgery becomes necessary to correct crowding teeth. Surgery involves making a cut in the lower jaw, or mandible, and repositioning the bone into the correct alignment. Nerve damage is a possible complication in addition to other complications that can occur after any surgery. A full recovery is always expected if a patient follows the instructions for post-surgical care.
Even if a patient must undergo surgery to correct crowding teeth, prognosis is always good. Braces and Invisalign create a permanent, desired result in the vast majority of cases. Though the expense may be high for some treatments, the cost of doing nothing is even greater. Crowded or misaligned teeth can lead to multiple cavities and inflammation over time. No matter what form it takes, prevention will provide the better outcome.