What Are Eye Lesions?

An optometrist examines a patient.
Wearing sunglasses that protect against UV rays may reduce the chances of developing eye lesions.
Anatomy of the human eye.
Article Details
  • Written By: Rhonda Rivera
  • Edited By: Jenn Walker
  • Last Modified Date: 23 October 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2014
    Conjecture Corporation
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Eye lesions are abnormal tissues on the eye, most often developed due to eye trauma or as a symptom of a health problem. Common symptoms of eye lesions include dry or red eyes, pain, and blurry vision that is not improved by up-to-date corrective lenses. Eye lesions are typically not visible without having a professional optometrist or ophthalmologist dilate the eye, but lesions can gradually grow in size, becoming more noticeable, irritating, and blinding. Some eye lesions possess cancerous qualities, but most are benign in nature.

A common type of eye lesion is called a pinguecula, and it can appear on anyone, especially those who experience excessive sun exposure. This type of lesion develops in the form of small bumps that have a noticeable yellow tint. They are benign and grow on the white part of the eye. Wearing sunglasses coated with ultraviolet (UV) protection can decrease the odds of developing a pinguecula. These lesions are not usually corrected through surgery unless they are severely irritating or interfere with blinking.

One or more lesions can result from severe trauma to the eye as well, such as penetration by a sharp object. A lesion, however, can also result from even minor trauma such as being hit by a fast-moving ball during sports practice or having a car’s airbag deploy near the face. In all scenarios, it is advisable to see a doctor to assess the damage and determine what should be done, if anything.

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Lesions can also appear as a symptom of a serious disease or health disorder. For example, iris melanoma is cancer of the eye that develops from an existing mole or freckle. Eye freckles and eye moles are very common and nearly always are benign in nature, but they can become cancerous over time. If not detected early, cancerous lesions can impair vision when they develop externally or cut off the blood supply to the eyes if they form within a vein. Other diseases and health problems that can result in eye lesions include diabetes, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and parasites.

The exact cause of an eye lesion might not be immediately apparent due to its many and varied potential causes. Lesions are best detected early by a visit to an optometrist or ophthalmologist for the best outcome. Regular visits to an eye doctor can help ensure the detection, tracking, and if necessary, treatment of an eye lesion before it causes irreversible damage.

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anon280967
Post 3

It is also possible for it to be airborne. Well, in my case at least.

Fredo
Post 2

@FebFM10 - Pink eye, also called conjunctivitis, is usually referred to as an infection, is caused by a virus or bacteria, and is very contagious.

Sharing makeup or other articles you both use that have touched the surface of the eye should be avoided as well as anything the infected person has touched after they touch their eye can spread the disease.

Stay away from work, schools or day care until viral-caused red eye has run its course. If it's bacterial you will need an antibiotic from the doctor to clear it up.

FebFM10
Post 1

Is pink eye considered an eye lesion or is it actually an eye disease and how do I get rid of it?

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