What Are Rouleaux?

Red blood cells carry oxygen to different areas of the body.
Identifying rouleaux formations are made by taking and analyzing a blood sample.
Red blood cells tend to clump together if the blood has a lot of protein in it.
A blood sample is examined under a microscope.
Article Details
  • Written By: Tracy Ahrens
  • Edited By: J.T. Gale
  • Last Modified Date: 03 September 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
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Rouleaux refers to a medical condition where red blood cells, also called erythrocytes, stick together, yielding an appearance similar to a stack of coins. This is an unhealthy condition with many possible causes including infection, cancer, and diabetes. The primary job of a red blood cell (RBC) is to transport oxygen throughout the body. When RBCs can't float freely, they can't perform this job properly, which can result in illness and disease. Symptoms of roleaux can include fatigue, poor circulation to the hands and feet, and dizziness.

Identifying rouleaux formations is made by analyzing a blood sample under a microscope. Generally, if the blood cells are largely separate, it is probably not present. If, however, the cells are clumped together forming a chain, rouleaux is likely the cause. Red blood cells clump together like this when the blood has a lot of protein in it. Usually, the high concentration of protein is of one of two types — fibrinogen or globulins. Both of these proteins are produced in the liver.


When red blood cells stack together, it is often an indication of inflammation in the body. Conditions that cause rouleaux include acute and chronic infections, inflammatory and connective tissue disorders, chronic liver disease, and cancers such as myeloma. Rouleaux also sometimes occurs in people who have diabetes and can cause small blood vessels in the eyes to become damaged, causing diabetic retinopathy. Patients receiving intravenous therapy with high molecular weight fluids, such as fibrinogen, may also experience rouleaux. Others that may exhibit the condition include people suffering from allergies and those who have undergone severe trauma.

Treatment for rouleaux varies. Natural remedies, such as nutritional supplements, may work for some people. Some studies show that ozone therapy prevents rouleaux formation. In this type of therapy, a mixture of ozone and oxygen is administered by intramuscular injection, through the rectum, or intravenously. The intravenous route requires some of the patient's blood to be removed, treated with the oxygen and ozone mixture, and then reintroduced into the patient.


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Post 4

@Anon336063: Yes, studies show that the RF from cell phone or strong electric field such as from hybrid cars, etc., can create rouleaux. A cell phone only takes about 10 minutes. Our blood cells start to clumping like a stack of coins. This will limit the blood flows for getting its job done (transport oxygen nutrients, etc) This will result in oxidative stress.

The only way to avoid this, is to harmonize your environment, including the cell phone you are using.

Post 3

I've had a variety of health issues throughout my life. Most recently I had recurring bouts of pancreatitis, and eventually had my gallbladder removed. I've also had a series of tooth/jawbone infections. I've basically been living on penicillin for over a year! This last infection has been extremely difficult, and I'm actually seeing an oral surgeon tomorrow. Can these issues cause rouleaux?

Post 2

If you live near a cell tower, can this cause rouleaux? Maybe the radiation or something. Can anyone comment?

Post 1

Rouleaux can result from using the cell phone too much, electromagnetic fields, or electromagnetic radiation, WI-FI, computer use, lighting, or any electronics that have a direct or indirect contact to the human body.

About 10 minutes use of a cell phone for example, can create the clumps in the blood. The only way to bring this to normal condition is to neutralize our environment that caused this problem. How? Memon Bionic Instruments can do this. The technology is based on the polarity and resonance by counteracting the man-made vibrations(left turning) to the right turning polarity (nature) and it restore it to a 750 nanometer (standard light spectrum.

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