Violent mood swings are sudden and drastic shifts in emotion and behavior that may be caused by many different factors. A person undergoing a violent mood swing is likely to become furious and aggressive, and may become physically or verbally abusive. Some of the factors that can cause violent mood swings include intake or withdrawal from certain drugs and medications, hormonal shifts, mental health conditions, and some diseases. In some cases, severe emotional stress or pain can bring on violent mood swings.
Many prescription medications, as well as controlled or illegal drugs, disrupt chemical functions within the body. In some cases, the response to this disruption can manifest in mood and behavior, resulting in violent mood swings. If a person begins experiencing drastic mood alterations soon after taking a medication, it may be important to consult a doctor to determine if the drug may be responsible. Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and methamphetamines, can also cause violent episodes that can be extremely dangerous to the primary person and anyone in the vicinity. In some cases, alcohol or drug withdrawal can also spur dangerous mood changes.
Strong hormonal shifts can be responsible for sudden mood alteration. Some women may experience minor mood swings at different points during their menstrual cycle, as hormone fluctuations can affect emotional and mental status. During menopause, women may begin to experience much stronger mood swings, including feelings of violence, extreme frustration, and fury. Drugs that significantly alter testosterone or estrogen production in both men and women can also be culprits in violent mood swings.
Certain psychological conditions, such as bipolar disorder, depression, or borderline personality disorder, are linked to extreme mood changes. These conditions and their symptoms often arise from a chemical imbalance within the brain, which may be correctable in some cases. People with symptoms of depression or a history of mental health issues may benefit from psychological evaluation and therapy to help manage mood swings.
Occasionally, diseases and other medical problems can cause a disruption in brain function that may lead to violent mood swings. Advanced dementia, brain cancer, and meningitis may all manifest with sudden, drastic changes to behavior. In some cases, severe head injuries can also be the cause of mood swings, often due to pressure and swelling in the brain. If a person experiences a sudden alteration of behavioral patterns that includes violent mood swings, evaluation by a qualified brain specialist may be warranted.
Even people free from medical or psychological issues may occasionally experience a sudden, extreme change to mood and behavior. Stress is frequently the culprit in the cases, which can be just as violent, upsetting, and dangerous as mood swings caused by other factors. Aggressive mood changes may be brought on by extreme physical stress, highly emotional situations, or severe anxiety over a particular situation. Consulting a therapist or psychologist for assistance in managing stress may help reduce the chance of stress-induced mood swings.