What Are the Symptoms of a Fallopian Tube Cyst?

A diagram of the female reproductive system, including the fallopian tubes.
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  • Written By: Marlene Garcia
  • Edited By: Daniel Lindley
  • Last Modified Date: 17 March 2014
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Symptoms of a fallopian tube cyst might include pain in the abdominal region, irregular menstrual cycle, unusual bleeding, or trouble conceiving a child. Most fallopian tube cysts are linked to a condition called endometriosis, which might cause minor or severe pain in the pelvic area or lower back. The pain might appear during sex or when emptying the bowel or bladder. A paraovarian fallopian tube cyst usually causes no symptoms unless it bursts.

Endometriosis occurs when the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, grows outside the uterus and attaches to other female reproductive organs. A fallopian tube cyst caused by this condition represents a sac filled with blood growing outside the tubes that carry an egg from the ovary to the uterus for fertilization. This type of cyst might also grow outside the uterus or ovary.

The uterine lining goes through normal stages of thickening and thinning each month. It thickens as a woman ovulates to prepare the womb for conception. If an egg is not fertilized by male sperm, the endometrium thins to shed the lining through menstrual bleeding. When this lining grows outside the uterus and forms a fallopian tube cyst, the fallopian tube cannot handle this process, and blood cannot leave the body.

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Blood in this type of fallopian tube cyst typically resembles thin chocolate or motor oil, as old blood darkens. Gynecologists usually find this type of fallopian tube cyst during a routine pelvic examination when they apply pressure to the abdomen. It can also be detected by ultrasound devices.

Another kind of fallopian tube cyst is defined as a paraovarian cyst, but actually has nothing to do with the ovary. An undeveloped egg might cause this type of cyst, which usually remains small and might disappear on its own. A paraovarian fallopian tube cyst appears more commonly in women between 30 and 40 years old.

These fluid-filled cysts are usually benign, with thin walls. They usually cause no symptoms unless they rupture or abscess. If these fallopian tube cysts grow, they can cause pain during intercourse or bowel movements, irregular menstrual cycles, and might lead to infertility. Problematic cysts are usually removed via laparoscopic surgery.

Other disorders of the fallopian tubes can block or damage them, leaving fibroids or scar tissue. Pelvic inflammatory disease represents an infection of the pelvic organs that can block fallopian tubes. This disorder might be caused by sexually transmitted diseases, abortion, miscarriage, or using an intrauterine device to prevent pregnancy.

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Discuss this Article

anon347761
Post 4

Can x-ray be used to examine fallopian tube cyst/ovary cyst, and what is the effect if used? Can it cause infertility?

KoiwiGal
Post 3

@irontoenail - I don't know, I think they usually take off cysts in that area if they can. I had a friend who developed a large cyst in her fallopian tube a few years ago and she had to have it removed in surgery. It was really large though, so maybe it was just because of that.

I've got polycystic ovarian syndrome already, so I have to try and be hyper-vigilant about my health, since many of the symptoms of wayward cysts are things I just have to live with every day.

Medication can help, but woman's bodies seem to be as much a mystery to doctors as they are to most men!

irontoenail
Post 2

@pastanaga - Unfortunately, they won't always be able to fix it, even if they do figure out what's wrong. A cyst on the fallopian tube, for example, may just have to resolve itself.

It is definitely good to have a doctor keep an eye on you though, whether they can do anything or not. If you don't monitor that kind of thing, it can easily blow out of control and you can end up seriously ill or lose your fertility as a result.

pastanaga
Post 1

This kind of condition is why women need to be proactive when it comes to their reproductive (and general) health. I know all too many women who think that because they had the bad luck to be born female, they just have to suffer through severe pain and heavy bleeding every month.

It's just not true. There shouldn't be much, if any real pain and you should be able to continue with your daily life, not because you're strong, but because you don't have a burden to bear.

If you are having trouble, go and get checked out by a doctor and keep bugging him or her until they figure out what is wrong.

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