What Causes Ankle Cramps?

Staying hydrated helps prevent cramps.
A doctor should be consulted for persistent or severe ankle cramps.
Many women have ankle pain before or during menstruation due to a rapid fluctuation in hormones.
Runners may experience ankle cramps.
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  • Written By: Jessica Ellis
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 31 October 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
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Ankle cramps are shooting pains or dull aches that occur in the ankle area. There are several factors that can cause these cramps, from dehydration to menstruation. Stretching and massage can greatly reduce the pain of the cramps, though people who suffer chronic or constant ankle pain may want to consult a doctor for comprehensive diagnosis.

Most ankle pain comes from overexertion of the body. Repetitive motion, such as walking or jogging, can cause gradual strain on the ankles that develops throughout a workout, eventually leading to ankle cramps. While some cramps set in during the exercise or activity, others may not appear until hours later as the muscles try to fully relax.

Many women report feeling ankle pain prior to or during menstruation. This may be due to the rapid fluctuation in hormones that occurs at the beginning of a woman's period. Massage is one of the recommended ways to reduce these cramps during menstruation, although application of heat and over-the-counter painkillers can also be very helpful.

Like most cramps, ankle pain can be the result of dehydration. Water is needed to carry vital salts, like sodium and calcium, throughout the body. When the muscles are deprived of adequate water, they can begin to spasm and cause the pain or ache that people associate with cramps. Similarly, poor circulation can prevent the body from getting enough oxygenated blood to function correctly, resulting in ankle cramps.

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Cramps can also be the result of an injury to the feet or ankles, To protect the injured area, the ankle may swell up, which prevents further injury but may result in cramping. Swelling-related cramps in the ankle are also common during pregnancy, when hormonal shifts cause the body to retain excess water. Swelling can usually be reduced using ice or heat and resting the area. It may be wise to consult a doctor if cramps are the result of an injury, as it can be a sign of a sprain, break, or tendon injury that requires medical care.

Treating temporary ankle cramps is usually quite simple, but some cramps may require diet or lifestyle changes. Simple remedies include daily stretching, using heating pads or ice to reduce swelling massage of the area, or taking pain medication. If cramps are hydration-related, it may be important to drink more fluids and even add more electrolytes to the diet. For those who begin experiencing regular cramps after exercise, it may be worthwhile to change shoes to see if an improper fit or worn-out pair is contributing to the problem.

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ysmina
Post 3

@burcidi, @simrin-- My dad gets leg and ankle cramps too, but not at night. He gets them in the mornings and sometimes during the day. The doctor said that it's caused by circulation problems due to his diabetes.

He's had type 2 diabetes for fifteen years and diabetes is known to create circulation problems because it affects the veins so much. There isn't much we can do for his ankle cramps unfortunately. He just has to try to improve his circulation which he does through foot soaks and massage.

Diabetes is such a sneaky condition. It seems like everything is fine as long as the blood sugar levels are kept under control. But it can lead to many other problems over time and this is one of them.

SteamLouis
Post 2

I used to get the worst leg and ankle cramps when I was on a low carbohydrate diet. I was on this diet for close to two years and ate little to no carbohydrates which lead to a potassium deficiency.

I didn't realize that anything was wrong until I felt tired a lot and also started getting leg and ankle cramps at night. These cramps were the worst. It would come on suddenly, last less than a minute but were extremely painful. I remember waking up from my sleep from the pain two or three times a night sometimes.

After my doctor said my potassium was low, I started taking supplements for it and started reintroducing carbohydrates in my diet. My ankle cramps disappeared in just a week!

burcidi
Post 1

I get ankle cramps often because I have flat feet. I've had flat feet since I was born and it never improved. I didn't use to have aches and cramps in my ankles, but the last few years I've gained some weight which is putting more pressure on my feet and ankles I think.

When I stand on my feet for a while or walk around, I start having ankle and foot cramps Resting helps, so do topical creams with pain relievers in them.

I have an appointment with an orthopedic next week though. I'm going to ask if I could have special orthopedic insoles made for my shoes. I've heard that this helps flat feet a lot. I'm hoping that this will relieve my ankle cramps.

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