What Is Antral Gastritis?

An illustration of a human stomach. In someone with antral gastritis, the lower part of the stomach becomes inflamed.
When inflammation occurs, it can create a burning sensation in the stomach.
Antral gastritis can cause indigestion, gas, and nausea.
Antral gastritis is generally caused by a buildup of bacteria in the stomach.
Article Details
  • Written By: Dee S.
  • Edited By: Jenn Walker
  • Last Modified Date: 28 July 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2014
    Conjecture Corporation
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Antral gastritis is an autoimmune disorder that affects the digestive system. It causes a wide range of general symptoms, such as indigestion, gas, and nausea. It is more common in older adults, but anyone may be diagnosed with the condition. It is generally caused by a buildup of bacteria in the stomach, but it may also be caused by a viral infection, an injury to the stomach, extreme stress, or even some medications.

The symptoms of antral gastritis typically begin with inflammation in the lower part of the stomach called the antrum. This is the part of the stomach that releases stomach contents into the intestines. When the antrum of the stomach becomes inflamed, the affected individual may experience indigestion, nausea, and gas, among other general stomach discomforts.

The main symptom for antral gastritis is indigestion. The inflammation of the stomach associated with the disorder affects digestion and the way that the contents of the stomach are emptied into the body’s intestines. When inflammation occurs, it can create a burning feeling in the stomach, or indigestion, due to the food not being properly digested.

Many affected individuals experience nausea as well. When the stomach lining becomes inflamed, a person usually becomes nauseous, even if there is not any food in his or her stomach. The nausea can be quite severe and may actually include small amounts of blood, if the condition is left untreated.

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It is not unusual for a person affected by antral gastritis to experience gas or even changes in his or her stool. Since the food in the stomach is not digested properly, it can cause a buildup of gases. The gases can cause flatulence, bloating, and general discomfort. It is possible for the stool to become dark and tar-like as well.

In order to determine the proper course of treatment from antral gastritis, it is important for a medical doctor to understand what is causing the problem. For example, if antral gastritis is caused by a bacterial infection, a medical doctor may treat the infection with antibiotics to prevent a recurrence of the disease. She may also prescribe antacids to reduce the symptoms until the bacteria are no longer causing inflammation.

Interestingly, many people do not realize that they are affected by antral gastritis until the condition becomes more severe. In most cases, people take over-the-counter antacids to reduce the symptoms. When they begin to have severe indigestion, gas, nausea, or dark, bloody stools, a doctor may become involved in the treatment of the disease. In addition, affected individuals may also be diagnosed when they have an endoscopic procedure for another health issue.

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Discuss this Article

anon955253
Post 4

My dad is facing the same problem and had heart attack symptoms. Please guide about what food and diet should be prescribed.

anon149618
Post 2

i am one among those people who is having this problem. the explanation is true and exactly related to my condition. i think it will be better to describe something more about the diet and cure.

anon145370
Post 1

I had a biopsy for Erosive Antral Gastritis. What is this?

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