What Is the Relationship Between Bruising and Vitamin Deficiency?

An ice pack, which can help with a bruise.
A lack of vitamins can lead to bruising.
Vitamin C, which can be found in most citrus fruits, can help heal a black eye.
A person with a bruised toe.
Bruised leg.
Article Details
  • Written By: Erin J. Hill
  • Edited By: Bronwyn Harris
  • Last Modified Date: 13 July 2014
  • Copyright Protected:
    2003-2014
    Conjecture Corporation
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The connection between bruising and vitamin deficiency is well documented. A lack of certain vitamins in the body can cause someone to become more susceptible to bruises and may lead to a longer healing time when bruises occur. Taking certain vitamins also seems to help prevent excessive bruising in many individuals.

Those who experience bruising and vitamin deficiency symptoms such as fatigue are generally lacking one of several main vitamins. Vitamin C, Vitamin D, and Vitamin E are all commonly deficient in those who bruise easily. Although they all work together to promote tissue regrowth and healing, vitamin C is the most common culprit when it comes to bruising.

There are two primary ways to alleviate bruising and vitamin deficiency. Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables is the best way to ensure that all necessary vitamins are being consumed. Dietary sources of key vitamins include green leafy vegetables, oranges, tomatoes, and carrots. Eating foods of many different colors is a good tactic.

Vitamin K is another vitamin which is often missing in those who bruise easily or severely, and it is generally manufactured in the intestines by the “good” bacteria naturally found there. Sometimes these bacteria, or flora, can become overrun by pathogens like “bad” bacteria or yeast, or they may be killed by eating certain foods. These can be replenished by using a probiotic supplement and by avoiding foods which kill off friendly bacteria.

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Taking a vitamin and mineral supplement may also ward off bruising and vitamin deficiency issues. The best type will be food-based, meaning that the nutrients are derived from real food sources rather than synthetic vitamins. If these are not available, synthetic varieties are generally considered suitable. Liquid vitamins are often absorbed better by the body than pills and capsules.

Anyone who is experiencing severe bruising or who gets bruises easily should contact a doctor. Although vitamin deficiency is the most common cause of excessive bruising, there are some serious medical conditions which could also be to blame. Cancer and diabetes are both potential serious causes of bruising, and they should be ruled out before treatment can begin. Patients who are taking any over the counter or prescription drugs or supplements should speak with a doctor or pharmacist before taking vitamin supplements, especially in high doses.

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Discuss this Article

turquoise
Post 3

A vitamin K deficiency will definitely cause bruising. It happened to me in the past. I had black and blue bruises for weeks, they took extremely long to heal. This is why they sell vitamin K cream for bruises.

donasmrs
Post 2

@SarahGen-- I'm not a doctor but as far as I know, bruising easily and vitamin B12 deficiency are related. You may bruise easily or you may bleed easily if you are deficient in this vitamin. You need to see your doctor and get a blood test to check your vitamin B12 levels. If it's low, your doctor will recommend a supplement.

You may benefit from regularly taking a vitamin B complex supplement since you said that you have a higher risk. But it's always a good idea to see what your current vitamin B12 levels are. This will help you determine how much vitamin B12 you need to take and at what frequency. It probably wouldn't hurt to have your other vitamin levels checked as well. You can give blood samples for everything at one go.

SarahGen
Post 1

Do B vitamins have anything to do with bruising?

I know that I am at risk of vitamin B deficiencies because I'm on a medication that reduces the absorption of B vitamins in my body. I've noticed recently that I bruise easily and it takes longer than usual for bruises to heal. Could it be due to vitamin B deficiencies or do I need to look into other deficiencies like vitamin D deficiency?

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